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Table 3 Body lengths of adult females and neonates of 19 out of 23 species of the family of Ziphiidae, including Longman’s beaked whale. The proportions of the body length of neonates against the body length of adult females within the 19 species are calculated (%)

From: The first record of a Longman’s beaked whale (Indopacetus pacificus) newborn neonate found on Miyako Island, Okinawa, Japan

Species name Body length (cm) Proportion of neonate, NBL*1/FBL*2 (%) Average (%) Min & Max in the Family (%) Source
Adult female Neonate
Min Max Min Max Min NBL/Min FBL Min NBL/Max FBL Max NBL/Min FBL Max NBL/Max FBL Species Family Min Max
Sowerby’s Beaked Whale M. bidens 510 240 47.1 47.1 43.0 25.6 53.2 Jefferson et al. (2015)
Andrews’ Beaked Whale M. bowdoini 440 220 50.0 50.0
Hubb’s Beaked Whale M. carlhubbsi 530 540 250 47.2 46.3 46.7
Blainville’s Beaked Whale M. densirostris 470 200 250 42.6 53.2 47.9
Gervais’ Beaked Whale M. europaeus 480 210 43.8 43.8
Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale M. ginkgodens 530 200 250 37.7 47.2 42.5
Gray’s Beaked Whale M. grayi 530 210 220 39.6 41.5 40.6
Hector’s Beaked Whale M. hectori 430 190 200 44.2 46.5 45.3
Strap-toothed Beaked Whale M. layardii 620 300 48.4 48.4
True’s Beaked Whale M. mirus 530 540 200 250 37.7 37.0 47.2 46.3 42.1
Pygmy Beaked Whale M. peruvianus 370 390 160 43.2 41.0 42.1
Stejneger’s Beaked Whale M. stejnegeri 570 230 250 40.4 43.9 42.1
Northern Bottlenose Whale H. ampullatus 860 300 350 34.9 40.7 37.8
Southern Bottlenose Whale H. planifrons 750 780 200 300 26.7 25.6 40.0 38.5 32.7
Cuvier’s Beaked Whale Z. cavirostris 850 270 31.8 31.8
Shepherd’s Beaked Whale T. shepherdi 660 300 340 45.5 51.5 48.5
Arnoux’s Beaked Whale B. arnuxii 930 400 43.0 43.0
Baird’s Beaked Whale B. bairdii 1110 460 41.4 41.4
Longman’s Beaked Whale I. pacificus 565 648 235 291 41.6 36.3 51.5 44.9 43.6 36.3 51.5 Dalebout et al. (2003); Yamada et al. (2004); Yang et al. (2008); Yatabe et al. (2010); This publication
  1. ※1NBL:neonate’s body length
  2. ※2FBL:female’s body length