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Table 2 External measurements for the Miyako specimen of Longman’s beaked whale and other specimens reported in previous studies. Measurements by the authors are indicated in the table. % BL, percentage of body length

From: The first record of a Longman’s beaked whale (Indopacetus pacificus) newborn neonate found on Miyako Island, Okinawa, Japan

   Okinawa Japan Miyako specimen Minimum and maximum of measurement in the past (%BL). Okinawa Japan Ukibarujima specimen South Africa PEM292 South Africa PEM1960 Maldives - Taiwan IL20050723–1 Taiwan IL20050723–2 Maui,Hawaii New Caledonia #2 New Caledonia #A New Caledonia #B New Caledonia #C
This publication (Kobayashi et al. 2020) (Dalebout et al. 2003) (Dalebout et al. 2003) (Dalebout et al. 2003) (Yao et al. 2012) (Yao et al. 2012) (West et al. 2013) (Garrigue et al. 2016) (Garrigue et al. 2016) (Garrigue et al. 2016) (Garrigue et al. 2016)
Sex/age class female/neonate male/young male/neonate male/juvenile female/adult female/adult male/juvenile male/juvenile male/adult female/adult female/adult female/adult
Measurement cm %BL cm %BL cm %BL cm %BL cm %BL cm %BL cm %BL cm %BL cm %BL cm %BL cm %BL cm %BL
1 Body length 235.0 100.0 Min Max 478.0 100.0 291.0 100.0 363.0   596.0a 100.0 565.0 100.0 420.0 100.0 370.8 100.0 590.0 100.0 564.0 100.0 590.0 100.0 618.0 100.0
2 Beak tip to center of blowhole 12.3 16.1 80.0 16.7 41.0 14.1 50.0 13.8 75.0 13.3 58.0 13.8 45.7 12.3 90.0 16.0 95.0 16.1 93.0 15.0
3 Beak tip to center of eye 32.0 13.6 12.3 16.8 75.0 15.7 43.0 14.8 54.5 15.0 100.0a 16.8 80.0 14.2 63.0 15.0 45.7 12.3 92.0 16.3 99.0 16.8 99.0 16.0
4 Beak tip to apex of melon 3.3 4.8 23.0 4.8 9.5 3.3 27.0 4.8 15.0 3.6 NA
5 Beak tip to angle of mouth 23.0 9.8 6.9 10.8 41.0 8.6 26.0 8.9 34.0 9.4 52.0 9.2 41.0 9.8 25.4 6.9 64.0 10.8 60.0 10.6 63.0 10.7 57.0 9.2
6 Beak tip to anterior insertion of flipper 56.0 23.8 20.6 26.0 120.0 25.1 71.0 24.4 131.0 23.2 109.0 26.0 76.2 20.6 137.0 24.3 140.0 23.7 145.0 23.5
7 Beak tip to center of umbilicus 116.5 49.6 46.6 49.8 230.0 48.1 145.0 49.8 175.0 48.2 265.0 46.9 196.0 46.7 172.7 46.6
8 Beak tip to genital slit (center) 157.0 66.8 58.6 72.7 295.0 61.7 178.0 61.2 220.0 60.6 351.0 62.1 246.0 58.6 218.4 58.9 410.0 72.7 427.0 72.4 436.0 70.6
9 Beak tip to anus 166.5 70.9 67.1 71.1 334.0 69.9 203.0 69.8 258.0 71.1 393.0 69.6 287.0 68.3 248.9 67.1
10 Beak tip to tip of dosal fin 54.2 69.4 330.0 69.0 202.0 69.4 249.0 68.6 380.0 67.3 287.0 68.3 246.4 66.5 402.0 68.1 350.0 62.1 320.0 54.2
11 Beak tip to anterior insertion of dorsal fin 60.3 64.6 294.0 61.5 182.0 62.5 224.0 61.7 385.0 64.6 223.5 60.3 358.0 60.7
12 Beak tip to post end of throat creases 31.0 13.2 13.2 13.4 70.0 14.6 39.0 13.4 48.0 13.2
13 Length of genital slit 4.1 9.0 39.0 8.2 17.0 5.8 15.0 4.1 31.0 7.4 44.0 7.8 53.0 9.0 53.0
14 Length of anal opening 2.7 2.8 10.5 2.2 8.0 2.7 10.0 2.8
15 Projection of lower jaw beyond rostrum tip 0.3 1.2 2.0 0.4 1.2 0.4 2.7 0.5 1.6 0.4 4.0 0.7 7.0 1.2 4.0 0.7 2.0 0.3
16 Length of eye opening 0.8 0.9 4.0 0.8 2.7 0.9 5.0 0.8
17 Center of eye to angle of mouth 5.0 6.5 34.0 7.1 19.0 6.5 28.0 5.0 22.0 5.2
18 Center of eye to center of blowhole 0.9 1.2 5.0 1.0 27/23 8.6b 5.0 0.9 5.0 1.2
19 Blowhole width 2.6 3.1 15.0 3.1 8.5 2.9 16.0 2.8 13.0 3.1 16.0 2.8 16.5 2.8 16.0 2.6
20 Length of throat grooves 16.6 7.1 7.0 8.6 38.5 8.1 25.0 8.6 29.0 8.0 39.5 7.0
21 Flipper length, anterior 25.0 10.6 7.2 10.5 45.0 9.4 29.0 10.0 26.0 7.2 55.0 9.2 55.0 9.7 44.0 10.5 NA 50.0 8.5 50.0 8.9 57.0 9.7 60.0 9.7
22 Flipper length, posterior 18.0 7.7 5.7 6.7 28.0 5.9 17.5 6.0 22.0 6.1 32.0 5.7 28.0 6.7
23 Fluke width 20.2 25.4 93.0 19.5 62.0 21.3 78.0 21.5 136.0 24.1 92.5 22.0 74.9 20.2 150.0 25.4 130.0 23.0 128.0 21.7 142.0 23.0
24 Fluke depth 6.1 7.8 43.0 9.0 20.5 7.0 22.0 6.1 44.0 7.8 43.0 7.3 43.0 7.0
25 Dorsal fin height 4.5 5.7 22.0 4.6 13.0 4.5 18.0 5.0 31.0 5.5 20.0 4.8 17.8 4.8 31.0 5.3 27.0 4.8 31.0 5.3 35.0 5.7
26 Beak tip to ante.end of pelvic vestige 66.2 66.7 315.0 65.9 374.0 66.2 280.0 66.7
  1. a: Curvilinear length
  2. b: Taken from mean of left and right hand measurements