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Table 3 Alien Species that became established in the 2017-2019 period

From: Mediterranean non indigenous species at the start of the 2020s: recent changes

Higher taxon Species name Original source Additional sources
BRY Hippopodina sp. 1966-IL: Powell 1969 1996-GR: Morri et al. 1999 / 2016-TR: Ulman et al. 2017
BRY Watersipora arcuata Banta, 1969 2013-IT: Ferrario et al. 2015 2016-TR, ES, MT, IT: Ulman et al. 2017
CNI Oulastrea crispata (Lamarck, 1816) 2012-FR: Hoeksema & Ocaña Vicente, 2014 2017-ES: Mariani et al. 2018
CRU Bemlos leptocheirus (Walker, 1909) 1924-EG: Schellenberg 1928 2015-GR: Ulman et al. 2017
CRU Charybdis feriata (Linnaeus, 1758) 2004-ES: Abelló and Hispano 2006 2015-IT: Tiralongo in Karachle et al. 2016/ 2017-ES: Colmenero et al. 2019
CRU Cymothoa indica Schioedte & Meinert, 1884 2003-LB: Trilles and Bariche 2006 <2015-EG: Rania and Rehab 2015
CRU Halimede ochtodes (Herbst, 1783) 2013-EG: Moussa et al. 2016 2013-EG: Akel in Lipej et al. 2017
CRU Halimede tyche (Herbst, 1801) 1998-IL: Galil 2000 2016-LB: SPA/RAC–UN Environment/MAP 2017
CRU Ianiropsis serricaudis Gurjanova, 1936 2012-IT: Marchini et al. 2016 2014-IT: Ferrario et al. 2017/2015-FR: Ulman et al. 2017
CRU Oithona davisae Ferrari F.D. & Orsi, 1984 2000-ES: Saiz et al. 2003 2004-5-IT: Zagami et al. 2018 / 2015-TR: Terbıyık Kurt and Beşiktepe 2019 2018- GR: Anadoli & Michaloudi, in Dragicevic et al., 2019
CRU Sicyonia lancifer (Olivier, 1811) 2015-TR: Gönülal et al. 2016 IL-Galil & Lubinevsky in Stern et al. 2019
FISH Abudefduf vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) 1957-IT: Tardent 1959 2013-MT: Vella et al. 2016 / 2018-LY: Osca et al. 2020
FISH Ostracion cubicus Linnaeus, 1758 2011-LB: Bariche 2011 2017-TR: Gökoğlu & Korun in Gerovasileiou et al. 2017
FISH Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch, 1787) 2009-IL: Golani et al. 2010 2017-SY: Capapé et al. 2018a; Saad et al. 2018 / 2019-TR: Gürlek et al. 2019 /2015-19-IL: Rothman & Stern in Stern et al. 2019
MOL Baeolidia moebii Bergh, 1888 2007-TR: Turk and Furlan 2011 2017-CY: Paz-Sedano et al. 2019
MOL Berthellina citrina (Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828) 1940-PA: O'Donoghue and White 1940 2005-TR: Yokes & Ünsal Karhan in Yokes et al., 2018
MOL Cuthona perca (Er. Marcus, 1958) 1976-IT: Cesari 1994 2015-SI: Lipej & Trkov in Yokeş et al. 2018
MOL Goniobranchus obsoletus (Rüppell & Leuckart, 1830) 2015-IL: Halevy et al. 2015 2018-CY: Kleitou et al. 2019
MOL Isognomon legumen (Gmelin, 1791) 2015-IL: Mienis et al. 2016 2016-GR: Micali et al. 2017 / 2017-TR: Ovalis & Zenetos in Stamouli et al. 2017 /2017-IT: Scuderi and Viola 2019
MOL Plocamopherus tilesii Bergh, 1877 2009-TR: Yokeş et al. 2012 TR: B. Yokeş pers commun
PHY Chaetoceros bacteriastroides G.H.H.Karsten, 1907 2002-IT: Sarno and Zingone 2008 2010-HR: Čalić et al., 2017
PLAT Neoallolepidapedon hawaiiense Yamaguti, 1965 2006-TN: Merella et al. 2007 LY: Salem 2017
  1. Taxonomic group abbreviations: PHY Phytoplankton, BRY Bryozoa, CNI Cnidaria, CRU Crustacea, FISH Fishes, MOL Mollusca, PLAT Platyelminthes. Country codes follow the internationally accepted two-letter codes for countries (https://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/ctycodes.htm)