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Table 2 New NIS reported in the 2017-19 period. In bold established NIS

From: Mediterranean non indigenous species at the start of the 2020s: recent changes

Higher taxon Species name Year of 1st Introduction Country of 1st introduction Establishment success Potential Pathway Source
ASC Ascidia aff. curvata (Traustedt, 1882) 2014-15 IL cas UNK Gewing and Shenkar 2017
ASC Botrylloides diegensis Ritter and Forsyth, 1927 unk unk est UNK Viard et al. 2019
BRY Calyptotheca alexandriensis Abdel-salam et al. 2017 2015 EG est COR Abdelsalam et al. 2017
CHL Codium pulvinatum M.J.Wynne & R.Hoffman 2014 IL est COR Hoffman et al. 2017
CHL Avrainvillea amadelpha (Montagne) A.Gepp & E.S.Gepp 2012 LY est T-S Verlaque et al. 2017
CHL Ulva tepida Masakiyo & S.Shimada, 2014 2002 IL unk T-S/COR Krupnic et al., 2018
CHL Ulva chaugulii M.G.Kavale & M.A.Kazi 2015-16 IL unk T-S/COR Krupnic et al., 2018
CNI Cotylorhiza erythraea Stiasny, 1920 2003 IL est COR Galil et al. 2017a
CNI Chrysaora cf. achlyos Martin, Gershwin, Burnett, Cargo and Bloom, 1997 2018 GR unk T-S Langeneck et al. 2019
CRU Stenothoe georgiana Bynum & Fox, 1977 2010 ES est CON Fernandez-Gonzalez and Sanchez-Jerez 2017
CRU Hatschekia siganicola El-Rashidy & Boxshall, 2011 2016 LY unk CON Abdelnor et al. 2019
CRU Arcania brevifrons Chen, 1989 2016 IL est COR Galil et al. 2017b
CRU Lysmata vittata (Stimpson, 1860) 2017 EG cas COR Abdelsalam 2018
CRU Panulirus longipes longipes (A. Milne-Edwards, 1868) 2018 IL cas ESC Spanier and Friedmann 2019
CRU Dioithona oculata (Farran, 1913) 2013 TR est T-S Terbıyık Kurt 2018
CRU Aoroides longimerus Ren & Zheng, 1996 2015 FR unk T-S Ulman et al. 2017
CRU Cymodoce fuscina Schotte & Kensley, 2005 2002 LB est T-S Castelló et al. 2020
CRU Xiphopenaeus kroyeri (Heller, 1862) 2016 EG est T-S Khafage and Taha 2019
CRU Laticorophium baconi (Shoemaker, 1934) 2018 ES unk T-S Gouillieux and Sauriau 2019
CRU Pleopis schmackeri (Poppe, 1889) 2012 TR est UNK Terbıyık Kurt and Polat 2017
CRU Pseudodiaptomus trihamatus Wright S., 1937 2014 EG est UNK Eltohamy et al. 2017
ECH Holothuria (Theelothuria) hamata Pearson, 1913 2017 TR cas COR Aydin et al. 2019
FISH Fistularia petimba Lacepède, 1803 2016 IL est COR Stern et al. 2017
FISH Priacanthus prolixus Starnes, 1988 2016 TR cas COR Gürlek et al. 2017
FISH Bathygobius cyclopterus (Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837) 2017 EG cas COR Akel In Stamouli et al. 2017
FISH Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775) 2017 GR cas COR Giovos et al. 2018
FISH Arnoglossus nigrofilamentosus Fricke et al. 2017 2017 IL cas COR Fricke et al. 2017
FISH Caesio varilineata Carpenter, 1987 2018 EG est COR Bos and Ogwang 2018
FISH Ablennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846) 2018 IL cas COR Golani 2019/Alshawy et al. 2019a
FISH Chaetodon auriga Forsskål, 1775 2015 IT cas ESC Tiralongo et al. 2018
FISH Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède, 1801) 2017 GR cas ESC Giovos et al. 2018
FISH Chrysiptera hemicyanea (Weber, 1913) 2017 MT cas ESC Deidun et al. 2018
FISH Arothron hispidus (Linnaeus, 1758) 2018 CY cas ESC Bariche et al. 2018
FISH Variola louti (Forsskål, 1775) 2018 CY cas ESC Huseyinoglu & Jimenez, in Kousteni et al. 2019
FISH Bodianus speciosus (Bowdich, 1825) 2018 TR cas ESC Filiz et al. 2019
FISH Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède, 1801) 2019 LB cas ESC/COR Badreddine and Bitar 2019
FISH Holacanthus africanus Cadenat, 1951 2017 MT cas T-S Deidun et al. 2017
FISH Diplogrammus randalli Fricke, 1983 2016 TR cas T-S/COR Seyhan et al. 2017
FISH Dipterygonotus balteatus (Valenciennes, 1830) 2017 LB cas T-S/COR Bariche and Fricke 2018
FISH Apogon atradorsatus Heller & Snodgrass, 1903 2019 SY cas T-S/COR Alshawy et al. 2019b
FISH Encrasicholina punctifer Fowler, 1938 2014 TR cas UNK Çiftçi et al. 2017
FISH Chlorurus rhakoura Randall & Anderson, 1997 2017 IT cas UNK Insacco and Zava 2017
MAM Sousa plumbea (G. Cuvier, 1829) 2016 TR unk UNK Ozbilgin et al. 2018
MOL Crithe cossinea T. Cossignani, 1997 2014 TR cas COR Aslan and Ovalis 2017
MOL Viriola sp.[cf. bayani] Jousseaume, 1884 2016 GR est COR Micali et al. 2017
MOL Rugalucina vietnamica (Zorina, 1978) 2016 IL cas COR Steger et al. 2018
MOL Alveinus miliaceus (Issel, 1869) 2016 IL est COR Steger et al. 2018
MOL Gari pallida (Deshayes, 1855) 2017 IL cas COR Lubinevsky et al. 2018
MOL Gregariella cf. ehrenbergi (Issel, 1869) 2014 EG est T-S Steger et al. 2018
MOL Euthymella colzumensis (Jousseaume, 1898) 2017 GR unk T-S/COR Angelidis and Polyzoulis 2018
MOL Phidiana militaris (Alder & Hancock, 1864) 2016 IL cas UNK Rothman et al. 2017
MOL Varicopeza pauxilla (A. Adams, 1855) 2016 TR est UNK Öztürk et al. 2017
PAN Achelia sawayai s.l. Marcus, 1940 2016 IT, MT est T-S Ulman et al. 2017
PHY Chaetoceros pseudosymmetricus Nielsen, 1931 2015 HR unk UNK Čalić et al. 2018
PLAT Pseudempleurosoma sp Yamaguti, 1965 2012 TN un CON Boussellaa et al. 2018
PLAT Aponurus sigani Abdel Aal, Banaja & Al-Zanbagi, 1984 2016 LY unk CON Abdelnor et al. 2019
PLAT Pseudoceros duplicinctus Prudhoe, 1989 2015 IL unk UNK Velasquez et al. 2018
PLAT Pseudobiceros stellae Newman & Cannon, 1994 2016 IL unk UNK Velasquez et al. 2018
POL Boccardia proboscidea Hartman, 1940 2014 FR cas CON Radashevsky et al. 2019
POL Iphione muricata (Lamarck, 1818) 2015 IL est COR Goren et al. 2017
POL Caulleriella viridis (Langerhans, 1881) 2006 GR que T-S Maidanou et al. 2017
RHO Aglaothamnion hallia (Collins) Aponte, D.L. Ballantine & J.N. Norris 2016 IT cas CON Wolf et al. 2018
RHO Melanothamnus japonicus (Harvey) Díaz-Tapia & Magg 2016 IT est CON Wolf et al. 2018
RHO Kapraunia schneideri (Stuercke & Freshwater) A.M.Savoie & G.W.Saunders 2016 IT est T-S Wolf et al. 2018
TRA Halophila decipiens Ostenfeld 2018 GR est T-S Gerakaris et al. 2020
  1. Taxonomic group abbreviations: ASC Ascidiacea, BRY Bryozoa, CHL Chlorophyta, CNI Cnidaria, CRU Crustacea, ECH Echinodermata, FISH Fishes, MAM Mammals, MOL Mollusca, PAN Pantopoda, PHY Phytoplankton, PLAT Platyelminthes, POL Polychaeta, RHO Rhodophyta, TRA Tracheophyta. The Pathway column indicates the most likely primary pathway of Introduction: CON TRANSPORT- CONTAMINANT, COR CORRIDOR, ESC ESCAPE FROM CONFINEMENT, T-S TRANSPORT- STOWAWAY, UNK Unknown. Country codes follow the internationally accepted two-letter codes for countries https://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/ctycodes.htm)