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Table 3 Summary of source material, range shift type, and perceived persistence and status for all 29 species

From: Shifts in the distribution and abundance of coastal marine species along the eastern Pacific Ocean during marine heatwaves from 2013 to 2018

Genus species Record type Record Source Method Range shift type Persistence Bates’ stage Confidence
Achelous xantusii Photos ESNERR, expert LTM, STR Expansion Short Arrival High
Alphestes immaculatus Data CNH CBS Expansion Short Arrival Moderate
Aplysia californica Data PISCO LTM, STR Increase Long Persistence High
Aplysia vaccaria Photos Blue Water Ventures CBS Expansion Short Arrival Moderate
Arbacia stellata CASIZ #206961, data, photos PISCO, MexCal, CNH LTM, CBS Expansion Short Arrival High
Balistes polylepis Photos Newspaper CBS Reappearance Short Transient High
Callinectes arcuatus Data TRNERR LTM Reappearance Short Transient Moderate
Chromis punctipinnis Photos Expert STR Increase Short Population increase High
Ctenogobius sagittula Data TRNERR LTM Reappearance Short Transient High
Farfantepenaeus californiensis Data TRNERR LTM Reappearance Short Transient High
Felimida macfarlandi Photos Expert STR Increase Short Population increase Moderate
Flabellina iodinea Expert opinion Expert STR New habitat Short Population increase High
Glottidia albida Expert opinion USGS, expert LTM, STR Reappearance Long Transient High
Hypsypops rubicundus Photos MBA CBS Reappearance Short Transient Low
Kelletia kelletii Expert opinion, photos, data Expert LTM, STR Increase Long Persistence High
Laminaria farlowii Photos PISCO LTM Reappearance Short Transient High
Leptosynapta albicans Expert opinion Expert STR Reappearance Long Transient Low
Lobatus galeatus Data CNH CBS Expansion Short Arrival High
Lovenia cordiformis Photos PISCO STR Extension Short Arrival Moderate
Lytechinus pictus Photos PISCO, MexCal LTM, STR Increase Long Arrival Moderate
Malacoplax californiensis CASIZ #222878 ESNERR LTM Expansion Short Arrival High
Medialuna californiensis Data CNH CBS Contraction Long Population
decrease
Moderate
Paralabrax clathratus Photos Expert LTM Increase Short Population increase High
Phyllorhiza punctata Photos TRNERR LTM Reappearance Short Transient High
Pseudosquillopsis marmorata Data ESNERR STR New habitat Short Arrival High
Semicossyphus pulcher Photos PISCO LTM, STR Increase Short Population increase High
Sphoeroides annulatus Data MexCal, CNH STR, CBS Reappearance Short Transient High
Spirobranchus spinosus Photos Expert STR Extension Long Population increase High
Uca princeps Photos, expert opinion TRNERR, expert LTM, STR, CBS Expansion Long Arrival High
  1. LTM long-term monitoring, STR short-term research, CBS community-based science