Skip to main content

Table 1 Distribution of sea anemones documented along the coast, islands and archipelagos of Venezuela

From: Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria, Corallimorpharia, Ceriantharia, Zoanthidea) from marine shallow-water environments in Venezuela: new records and an updated inventory

   West Coast Central Coast East Coast Oceanic Islands  
  Species Isla de Pájaros, Maracaibo Morrocoy National Park Isla Goaigoaza, Puerto Cabello San Esteban National Park Chichiriviche de la Costa Playa Azul, litoral Central Balneario Camuri Chico Los Totumos Mochima National Park Araya Playa San Luis, Cumaná La Chica, Golfo de Cariaco Laguna de Chacopata, Península de Araya Isla Tortuga Laguna de Piedras (Isla de Margarita) Laguna de la Restinga (Isla de Margarita) Isla de Cubagua Isla de Coche Isla Testigo Grande, Los Testigos Isla Iguana, Los Testigos Golfo de Paria Archipiélago Los Roques National Park Archipiélago la Orchilla Isla La Blanquilla Isla Los Hermanos Isla de Aves Open Sea Distribution
  Order ACTINIARIA
  Family Edwardsiidae Andres, 1881
1 Scolanthus curacaoensis              e, i               
  Family Actiniidae Rafinesque, 1815
2 Actinia bermudensis   e     e e                     
3 Actinostella flosculifera   a, e, *   e   a e e e   e e     a, j, * a, *   e    *   a    
4 Anemonia sargassensis   e     e e a, e e e e    a, e a a, j, * a, *     a    a    
5 Anthopleura cascaia       e                     
6 Anthopleura krebsi       e e   e   e e                
7 Anthopleura pallida   *, N                          
8 Bunodosoma caissarum ?       e e      e                
9 Bunodosoma cangicum ?       e e     e e                
10 Bunodosoma cavernatum   e         e   e     a *           
11 Bunodosoma granuliferum   a, e, *   e   e a, e e   e e e   e   j, *            
12 Bunodosoma kuekenthali ?             e                
13 Condylactis gigantea e a, e, g, * e e   a e   *, e e   e        e e   e, *      
14 Isoaulactinia stelloides        e e     e           e      
15 Phymactis sp.?                    e e      a   
  Family Capneidae Gosse, 1860
16 Actinoporus elegans   e, *        *                   
  Family Homostichanthidae Carlgren, 1900
17 Homostichanthus duerdeni   e     a         a, e              
  Family Phymanthidae Andres, 1883  
18 Phymanthus crucifer   a, e     a   a, e e, * e   e   e a   a, e, *   e e        
  Family Stichodactylidae Andres, 1883
19 Stichodactyla helianthus   a, e   e, h     a, e e e   e   a, e a a, j, * a, e, * a e    e, *   a   a  
  Family Aiptasiidae Carlgren, 1924a
20 Bartholomea annulata   a, c, e, g, *   e    e   *, e         a, e, *   e e   a, e, *      
21 Bartholomea werneri  e                          
22 Exaiptasia pallida   a, e, *     a    e, *   e e    a, e j a, *   e    *      
23 Laviactis lucida   e                  e e   c, e, *      
  Family Aliciidae Duerden, 1895
24 Lebrunia coralligens   *        *              e, *   a    
25 Lebrunia neglecta   a, e, *        e, *   a, e    e    a      e, *   a    
  Family Boloceroididae Carlgren, 1924b
26 Bunodeopsis antilliensis   a, e   e   a           a, e j, *     a   *      
  Family Diadumenidae Stephenson, 1920
27 Diadumene lineata                      a       
  Family Hormathiidae Carlgren, 1932
28 Calliactis tricolor   e        e   e a    a j, * *   e    e      
29 Monactis vestita                            d
  Family Isophelliidae Stephenson, 1935
30 Telmatactis cricoides          *, e e     e         e   a    
31 Telmatactis vernonia          *, N                   
  Order CERIANTHARIA
  Family Arachnanthidae McMurrich, 1910
32 Isarachnanthus nocturnus   e    *       e e           e      
  Family Cerianthidae
33 Ceriantheopsis americanus        e   e    e    e             
34 Ceriantheomorphe brasiliensis         e                    
35 Pachycerianthus curacaoensis            e e        e         
  Order CORALLIMORPHARIA
  Family Corallimorphidae Hertwig, 1882
36 Corynactis caribbeorum      *   b    e          e    e      e
  Family Discosomatidae Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864a
37 Discosoma carlgreni   e                          
38 Rhodactis osculifera                       e      
  Order ZOANTHIDEA
  Family Sphenopidae Hertwig, 1882
39 Palythoa caribaeorum   e, f,*   e, f   e e e *, e   e e   e    *   e e   e, *     e  
40 Palythoa mammillosa ?   e   e, f   e e e e   e    e         e e     
41 Palythoa grandis   e   f   e e e   e   e    e   *   e e        
42 Palythoa variabilis   a, e      e e e    e        e         
  Family Zoanthidae
43 Isaurus duchassaingi              a               
44 Zoanthus proteus  e           e                
45 Zoanthus pulchellus   e        e e   e        e    *      
46 Zoanthus sociatus   e, f,*   f     e *, e e   e      *   e e   e, *      
47 Zoanthus solanderi     f    e   e    e                
  Family Epizoanthidae Delage & Hirouard, 1901
48 Epizoanthus cutressi                       e      
  Family Parazoanthidae Delage & Hirouard, 1901
49 Parazoanthus catenularis                       e      
50 Parazoanthus parasiticus   e, *        e, *      e    e   e    e, *      
51 Parazoanthus puertoricense             e           e      
52 Parazoanthus swiftii                       e, *      
  1. Localities sampled in the present study in bold. (*) records documented in our surveys, (?) doubtful previous records, (†) species currently considered as invalid, (N) new records for Venezuela. Citation of previous records: (a) Specimens of the MOHBR scientific collection (see Appendix 2), (b) den Hartog (den Hartog 1980), (c) Knowlton and Keller (Knowlton & Keller 1985), (d) Riemann-Zürneck (Riemann 1986), (e) Agudo (Agudo 1987), (f) Bastidas and Bone (Bastidas & Bone 1996), (g) Bitter-Soto (Bitter-Soto 1999), (h) Henríquez and Palacios (Henríquez & Palacios 2008), (i) Liñero-Arana and González (Liñero-Arana & González 2008), (j) Carrasquel (Carrasquel 2012)